Medium Intensity High Volume Intervals
While most interval training is done at high intensity, it is possible to run them at a lower intensity, which allows for correspondingly higher volumes.
1 Emil Zatopek
This approach was used by Emil Zatopek was a runner who set world records and won Olympic Gold medals. Emil is reported to have run up to 100x (400m + 200m recovery), with the 400m a few seconds slower than his 10K pace. That works out as a 37 mile workout, with 25 miles at close to 10K pace. While this level of workout is beyond most recreational runners, doing a larger volume of medium intensity intervals should be considered by experienced athletes.
2 What Pace?
3 How many?
Emil was an Olympic champion, and most of us have neither the time nor the ability to handle this level of training. As with any speed work, I believe it is important to ramp up the quantity and intensity over time to prevent injury. I would suggest starting with at your tempo pace VDOT Calculator or slower and do 12 repeats. You can then build up the number of intervals over the weeks. This could become the bulk of a midweek training session, or if you are dedicated enough, part of your long run.